Dengue fever is a significant disease that mostly occurs in subtropical and tropical regions of the world. Some of the dengue’s mild symptoms are muscles, rashes, fever and pain. It is highly advised to get a check-up done at the earliest if you are having above mentioned signs and symptoms.
What Are the Symptoms of Dengue?
The symptoms in children and adults start from 3 to 15 days after the virus is transferred by the mosquito bite. Some of the initial symptoms are-
- Joint pain
- Fever and chills that include- sweating simultaneously and shivering
- Rashes (itchy) or red spots
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Pain behind the eyes
In some cases, if the situation worsens, the blood vessels may become leaky and damaged. When a number of cells also called platelets present in the blood stream drops by a lot, more serious symptoms of dengue in both adults and children will occur –
- Haemorrhagic fever
- Persistent vomiting
- Minor bleeding from nose and gums
- Abdominal Pain
- Bleeding under the skin that looks like bruising
- Problems in heart, liver, and lungs
- Rashes can occur in the palm and feet lead
- Blood pressure may drop
What Are the Causes of Dengue?
The symptoms of dengue occur when a person is bitten by a species of mosquito, known as Aedes Aegypti. The virus is transferred via the mosquito bite whilst it feeds on your blood.
Some of the complications of dengue fever involve – neurological damage, low blood pressure, slow heart rate, severe liver issues and dehydration.
What Are the Risk Factors for Dengue?
Traveling to endemic or tropical areas where dengue is a disease raises the risk factor of a chance of exposure to the virus. Things to look out for includes witnessing that many are repeatedly bitten by an infected mosquito and no one is taking precautionary mosquito control measures to avoid mosquito bites.
What Are Treatment and Diagnosis Options for Dengue?
The patients first have to consult with the physician about his/her medical and travel history for diagnosing the dengue fever. Other tests depend on the patient’s immunological response to the dengue virus, such as- Dengue viral plaque reduction test, IgG-ELISA, etc..
The treatment involves drinking plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. The doctor may order Acetaminophen (a type of drug) that helps to relieve pain and reduces fever. For home remedies, an individual can opt for papaya leaf extracts that are helpful in increasing the level of the blood.
What Are the Precautionary Measures?
The two prevention tips that will help one to decrease the risk of mosquito bites are
- Wearing fully covered clothes while traveling
- Using a mosquito repellent when travelling outside.